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Updated: Japan Fukushima Nuclear Plant, A Fourth Explosion, Airborne Radiation Now Confirmed

15 Mar
In thermal nuclear reactors (LWRs in specific)...

Diagram: How Fuel Rods Work

Copyright 2011-3011 Alternative News Forum, All Rights Reserved.

There have now been a total of four devastating explosions at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant north of Tokyo since the 9.0 earthquake late last Thursday in Japan. Radiation leakage has been confirmed, and the threat of radiation poisoning to people in the surrounding region is growing more serious by the hour.

Here are gathered facts and reports coming out of Japan as of early 3.15.11. These reports are from various international media sources, however the Canadian website for Globe and Mail has compiled the most timely information, for which I am deeply grateful. I have re-posted numerous items from their info-pages on radiation and the health of the human body. I am also advising readers to get familiar with live maps of the Pacific Jet Stream to observe how it blows over the continental USA.

it is now confirmed that radiation is leaking into the atmosphere in Japan. Here’s the link: http://www.foxnews.com/world/2011/03/15/japanese-nuclear-panic-rises-agency-says-radiation-leaking-atmosphere/

Also, we are learning that iodine tablets are sold out at online locations everywhere, and by the grace of God, another reasonable sized dose of POTASSIUM IODIDE, which is the type of iodine you would need to fight radiation sickness, occurs built into doses of SOLARAY Brand Twice Daily Multi-Vitamins. So if you cannot procure iodine tablets, stock up on this brand of multi-vitamin as an alternative. The dose may be small, but it is at least getting some of the right kind of iodine into your system.

Watch these videos:

3.13.11 Breaking: Japan Faces Nuclear Disaster As Radiation Levels Rise

Cited from the New York Times 3.14.11 1149 pm, Breaking Info:

“After an emergency cabinet meeting, the Japanese government told people living within 30 kilometers, about 18 miles, of the Daiichi plant to stay indoors, keep their windows closed and stop using air conditioning.

Mr. Kan, whose government was extraordinarily weak before the sequence of calamities struck the nation, told the Japanese people that “although this incident is of great concern, I ask you to react very calmly.” And in fact, there seemed to be little panic, but huge apprehension in a country where the drift of radioactivity brings up memories of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the haunting images of post-war Japan.

The two critical questions over the next day or so are how much radioactive material is spewed into the atmosphere, and where the winds carry it. Readings reported on Tuesday showed a spike of radioactivity around the plant that made the leakage categorically worse than in had been, with radiation levels measured at one point as high as 400 millisieverts an hour. Even 7 minutes of exposure at that level will reach the maximum annual dose that a worker at an American nuclear plant is allowed. And exposure for 75 minutes would likely lead to acute radiation sickness.

The extent of the public health risk depends on how long such elevated levels persist — they may have declined after the fire at No. 4 reactor was extinguished — as well as how far and fast the radioactive materials spread, and whether the limited evacuation plan announced by the government proves sufficient.

In Tokyo, 170 miles south of the plant, the metropolitan government said Tuesday it had detected radiation levels 20 times the usual above the city, though it stressed that that level posed no immediate health threat. In Ibaraki Prefecture, just south of Fukushima Prefecture where the plant is located, the amount of radiation reached 100 times the usual levels.”

How radiation affects the body

Published Tuesday, Mar. 15, 2011 1:04AM EDT

Radiation can target many parts of the body. Symptoms vary, with severity depending on dosage or length of exposure

The Risks of Radiation Exposure

Radiation’s Effect Depends on the Amount of Exposure

Cited: “Japanese authorities warned Wednesday morning that they believed that the population living in the area immediately surrounding the stricken nuclear reactors now faced a health risk from further increases in radiation leaks.

Authorities said that radiation levels there had surged to levels that will “clearly have impact on the human body.”

See http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12732015

More than 100,000 people have been evacuated from homes near Fukushima.


There have been two explosions at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan, following Friday’s earthquake and tsunami, and a third reactor is reportedly at risk of fuel-rod meltdown.

How great a danger do these problems pose for people in Japan and further afield?

Has there been a leakage of radioactive material?

Yes. Local government officials in Fukushima say 190 people have been exposed to some radiation. An American warship, the USS Ronald Reagan, has detected low levels of radiation at a distance of 100 miles (161km) from the Fukushima plant.

How much radioactive material has escaped?

The Japanese authorities say only low levels of radiation have been detected outside the plant. The International Atomic Energy Agency has described it as a level four event on the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES), which is used for an accident “with local consequences”. No abnormal levels of radiation have been detected in Russia.

What type of radioactive material has escaped?

There are reports of radioactive isotopes of caesium and iodine in the vicinity of the plant. Experts say it would be natural for radioactive isotopes of nitrogen and argon to have escaped as well. There is no evidence that any uranium or plutonium has escaped.

What harm do these radioactive materials cause?

Radioactive iodine could be harmful to young people living near the plant. After the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster there were some cases of thyroid cancer as a result. However, people who were promptly issued with iodine tablets ought to be safe. Radioactive caesium, uranium and plutonium are harmful, but do not target any particular organ of the body. Radioactive nitrogen decays within seconds of its release, and argon poses no threat to health.

How did the radioactive materials escape?

There have been problems with cooling systems, causing the reactors to overheat. Production of steam has caused pressure to build up inside the reactor, so small amounts of steam have been deliberately released. Experts say that the presence in the steam of caesium and iodine – which are among the by-products of nuclear fission – suggests that the metal casing of some of the fuel rods has melted or broken. But the uranium fuel itself has a very high melting point so it is less likely to have melted, let alone vapourised.

Could radioactive materials have escaped by any other means?

The authorities have pumped sea water into three reactors. This water will be contaminated by its passage through the reactor, but it is currently unclear whether any of it has been released into the environment.

How long will any contamination last?

Radioactive iodine decays quite quickly. Most will have disappeared within a month. Radioactive caesium does not last long in the body – most has gone within a year. However, it lingers in the environment and can continue to present a problem for many years.

Has there been a meltdown?

The term “meltdown” is used in a variety of ways. As noted above, the reported detection of radioactive caesium and iodine may indicate that some of the metal casing enclosing the reactors’ uranium fuel has melted (a “fuel-rod meltdown”). However, there is as yet no indication that the uranium fuel itself has melted. Still less is there any indication of a “China Syndrome” where the fuel melts, gathers below the reactor and resumes a chain reaction, that enables it to melt everything in its way, and bore a path deep into the earth. If there were to be a serious meltdown, the Japanese reactor is supposed to be able to handle it, preventing the China Syndrome from taking place. Reports suggest that underneath the reactor, within the outer containment vessel, there is a concrete basin designed to capture and disperse any molten fuel.

Could there be a Chernobyl-like disaster?

Experts say this is highly unlikely. The chain reaction at all Fukushima reactors has ceased. The explosions that have occurred have taken place outside the steel and concrete containment vessels enclosing the reactors, which apparently remain solid. At Chernobyl an explosion exposed the core of the reactor to the air, and a fire raged for days sending its contents in a plume up into the atmosphere. At Fukushima the explosions – caused by hydrogen and oxygen vented from the reactor – have damaged only the roof and walls erected around the containment vessels.

Could there be a nuclear explosion?

No. A nuclear bomb and a nuclear reactor are different things.

What caused the hydrogen release from the reactor?

At high temperatures, steam can separate into hydrogen and oxygen in the presence of zirconium, the metal used for encasing the reactor fuel. This mixture is highly explosive.

How do iodine tablets work?

If the body has all the iodine it needs, it will not absorb further iodine from the atmosphere. The tablets fill the body up with non-radioactive iodine, which prevent it absorbing the radioactive iodine.

What kind of radiation levels have been recorded at Fukushima?

The Kyodo news agency reports that a radiation level of 1,557 microsieverts per hour was registered on Sunday. At this level, one hour’s exposure is roughly equivalent to one chest X-ray. Later measurements included 750 microsieverts per hour at 0200 on Monday, and 20 microsieverts per hour at 1145. The last of these measurements is not much to worry about – on a long-haul flight passengers are exposed to about five microsieverts per hour. Furthermore, moving away from the source of radiation, measurements would quickly tail off. Five or 10km away from the plant, the radiation level would be significantly lower.

Is any level of exposure to radiation safe?

In some parts of the world, natural background radiation is significantly higher than others – for example in Cornwall, in south-west England. And yet people live in Cornwall, and many others gladly visit the area. Similarly, every international air flight exposes passengers to higher than normal levels of radiation – and yet people still fly, and cabin crews spend large amounts of time exposed to this radiation. Patients in hospitals regularly undergo X-rays. Scientists dispute whether any level of exposure to radiation is entirely safe, but exposure to some level of radiation – whether at normal background levels or higher – is a fact of life.

How do Fukushima’s problems affect the rest of the world?

It depends on how much radiation is released. At present, the IAEA says the effects are of a “local” nature.

Audio

Live update: Mark MacKinnon reports from radiation testing in Japan

Mark MacKinnon

Globe and Mail Update
Published Sunday, Mar. 13, 2011 9:49AM EDT
Last updated Sunday, Mar. 13, 2011 3:58PM EDT

The Globe’s east Asia correspondent witnesses Japanese residents tested for radiation after fears of leaks at nearby nuclear plant

More related to this story

More Interactives & Infographics

Will Revealing the Wikileak Cables Initiate the Beginning of the End of “Official” Government Secrecy?

29 Nov

11.29.2010 By Chase Kyla Hunter

Updated 12.01.2010

Amazon Ousts Wikileaks Website from it’s Servers

Another Blogger Examines the Motives of Julian Assange

[ The wikileaks story unfolds faster than most bloggers can update their coverage of it. The post I finished this a.m. is already dated, so I will keep adding to it. Michelle Malkin and Sarah Palin have come out strongly against what online publisher Julian Assange did in revealing the controversial material, and although I am a fan and supporter of both high profile political women, I must disagree.

We cannot begin legally redefining freedom of speech based on whether expressing that civic freedom might embarrass U.S. diplomats. When or if the U.S. government should be legally allowed to get away with re-naming Wikileaks disclosures as “acts of terrorism” and re-naming Wikileaks as a “terrorist organization,” then we are treading dangerously close to the edge of the cliff called “federal fascism” in America. Stand back and take a deep breath, all Americans everywhere, about what is taking place.

When is it considered legal to re-name publishing the truth as an “act of terrorism”? Stop and think about it. ] – Chase Kyla Hunter

Barack Obama had made many wildly idealistic promises running for office in 2008, promising a “new transparency” in Washington D.C. if he was elected. I find it “karmicly appropriate” and somewhat ironic two years later, that thanks to the Wiki-leaks cables, the Obama White House is now going to get more unwelcome transparency than he had ever bargained for when he made such naive promises on the campaign trail.

I will be digesting the latest document dump from Wikileaks, like many other truth researchers, for months on end. Already the potentially damaging bombshell revelations of comments made by high officials and foreign heads of state are staggering.

Here’s an example from Sheikh bin Zayed of Abu Dhabi:

He believes “a near term conventional war with Iran is clearly preferable to the long term consequences of a nuclear armed Iran.” That puts the Sheikh on solid “let’s plan now for war with Iran” footing with present US foreign policy. That really comes as no surprise, yet it is unnerving to see the explicit agreements that are made ahead of time in planning for wars where more young American men and women may die soon in the hope that the world might look forward to a nuclear free Iran in the future.

All of this exposed data, some say, is potentially damning and disastrous for US foreign policy. But turn around is fair play. It’s a kind of massive karmic tsunami for the White House, the CFR, and the UN, who have made it an annual blood sport since 1914 at least, to keep secrets from the American people about all kinds of decisions that affect our lives, and the lives of our descendants for decades to come.

So, how does it feel, one wonders, to have all these dirty little secrets aired and exposed to the light of public and media scrutiny? I would imagine the White House, although chagrined and obviously irate, had better get used to it. The American people, especially the more well informed young people, are furious. They are disgusted and fed up with being manipulated, lied to, and locked out of the laundry list of presumptuous global “secret meetings” which are held annually, where our fates and the fates of our children and their children for the next 50 to 100 years are discussed and voted on from behind closed doors without our knowledge or consent. It has to come to an end, and this might just be the beginning of that eventual end – the volcanic eruption of grim actuality being exposed in these massive Wiki-leak document dumps online.

It’s high time the criminal secrets, dirty laundry and rotten back room dealings of the Illuminati influenced and controlled global governing elite are finally aired for all to see. I believe the “timed release” revelations of the Wikileaks documents over the next few months may possibly bring renewed respect on the part of the Obama White House, CFR and UN for the determination of the world’s top truth researchers to get to the bottom of the global Illuminati crime cabal, exposing all of it’s ugly political secrets once and for all.

Chase Kyla Hunter

Related:


WikiLeaks founder could be charged under Espionage Act

Washington Post – Ellen Nakashima, Jerry Markon – ‎1 hour ago‎
Hundreds of thousands of State Department documents leaked Sunday revealed a hidden world of backstage international diplomacy, divulging candid comments from world leaders and detailing occasional US pressure tactics overseas.

See: Top 5 Wikileaks Revelations

See: A Super Power’s View of the World – the Newest Wiki-leaks Diplomatic Cables

See: Wikileaks Embassy Cables: Key Points at a Glance

See: Wikileaks reveals U.S. diplomatic secrets

Day 1, Sunday 28 November

Guardian

• The US faces a worldwide diplomatic crisis. More than 250,000 classified cables from American embassies are leaked, many sent as recently as February.

Saudi Arabia put pressure on the US to attack Iran. Other Arab allies also secretly agitated for military action against Tehran.

• Washington is running a secret intelligence campaign targeted at the leadership of the United Nations, including the secretary general, Ban Ki-moon, and the permanent security council representatives from China, Russia, France and the UK.

• Details of the round-the-clock offensive by US government officials, politicians, diplomats and military officers to curb Iran’s nuclear ambitions and roll back its advance across the Middle East.

• How Israel regarded 2010 as a “critical year” for tackling Iran’s alleged quest for nuclear weapons and warned the United States that time is running out to stop Iran from acquiring a nuclear bomb.

• The secret EU plot to boycott the inauguration of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as president after the disputed Iranian election in 2009.

• Officials from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) were denied blueprints for a secret nuclear reactor near Qom and told by Iran that evidence of bomb-grade uranium enrichment was forged.

• Saudi Arabia complained directly to the Iranian foreign minister of Iranian “meddling” in the Middle East.

• The US accused Iran of abusing the strict neutrality of the Iranian Red Crescent (IRC) society to smuggle intelligence agents and weapons into other countries, including Lebanon.

• Britain’s ambassador to Iran gave the US a private masterclass on how to negotiate with Iran.

• How a 75-year-old American of Iranian descent rode a horse over a freezing mountain range into Turkey after officials confiscated his passport.

Plus:

• The story of how the 250,000 US embassy cables were leaked.

Background on Siprnet: where America stores its secret cables.

About Wikileaks founder, Julian Assange:

Julian Assange

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Page semi-protected
Unbalanced scales.svg
The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the discussion on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until the dispute is resolved. (November 2010)
Julian Assange

Assange in 2010
Born 1971 (age 38–39)[1][2]
Townsville, Queensland, Australia
Occupation Editor-in-chief and spokesperson for WikiLeaks
Children Daniel Assange[3]
Awards Economist Index of Censorship Award (2008), Amnesty International UK Media Award (2009), Sam Adams Award (2010)

Julian Paul Assange (play /əˈsɑːnʒ/ ə-SAHNZH; born 1971) is an Australian internet activist, best known as the spokesperson and editor-in-chief for WikiLeaks, a whistleblower website. Before working with the website, he was a physics and mathematics student, hacker, and computer programmer.[4]

Assange founded WikiLeaks in 2006. He currently sits on the website’s advisory board. In this capacity, he has come to widespread public attention for his role in the release of classified material documenting the involvement of the United States in the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Assange has lived in several countries and has told reporters he is constantly on the move. He makes irregular public appearances to give talks on freedom of the press, censorship, and investigative reporting, and has won a number of journalism awards.

The Great Depression of the 21st Century: Here’s Why It’s Different This Time

22 Feb
SAN FRANCISCO - JANUARY 22:  A job seeker wait...
Image by Getty Images via Daylife
2.22.2010
By Chase K. Hunter
I decided today to take a quick look at where we are in the much touted “economic recovery” and if the latest REAL statistics are to be believed, there is not one. When you spend as much time online as I do, you begin to see through the make believe of the mainstream media‘s sunny forecasts for a 2010 recovery. Unemployment has actually spiked as high as 20% in several states, and it’s at around 14.5% in Michigan. I hate to always harp on the same old issues, but the mainstream media is just flat out lying to the American people about what is really going on.
Just have a look at the related links below to do the math yourself, then watch your network news tonite and see if they are saying anywhere close to the same thing as these articles report:

Related articles

Related News Stories:

This Time It’s Different

Henry Blodget | Feb. 21, 2010, 9:01 AM | 2,456 | comment 34
Tags: Charts

Many economists still argue that the Great Recession was just like all the others, except a bit bigger.

Here’s why they’re wrong.

Check out the number of people unemployed more than 26 weeks (expressed below as a percentage of the population).

Even if the recovery continues and the number of the long-term unemployed finally stops rising, it will likely take a decade or more for this group to shrink to normal levels.

Unemployed For More Than 26 Weeks - Population Ratio  January 2010

Click here to find out more!

Arthur Delaney

Unemployment: The Hardest-Hit States (CHART)

States

Michigan has the highest unemployment rate of any state at 14.1 percent, a distinction the state has held for 25 of the last 26 months.

The next-highest unemployment rates after Michigan’s were found in Oregon (12.4 percent), Rhode Island and South Carolina (12.1 percent), and California (11.5 percent), according to a Bureau of Labor Statistics report released Friday. The unemployment rate reached double-digits in five states and the District of Columbia in May. The national rate is 9.4 percent.

Some economists have touted “green shoots” and talked up the recession as “bottoming out” this year. But the misplaced optimism hasn’t reached everybody.

Progressive economists say that unemployment will likely continue to rise nationwide into 2010. And while economists cheered lower-than-expected increases in job losses for May, the state-by-state breakdown reveals the unevenness of the recession.

Optimism “hasn’t been a problem in Michigan,” said Judy Putnam, spokeswoman for the Michigan League for Human Services, in an interview with the Huffington Post. “There were no signs of hope in our numbers.”

Putnam said her organization is concerned that nearly 90,000 unemployed workers will exhaust their unemployment benefits before the end of the year. “Our biggest concern is that our safety net for folks coming off unemployment benefits has really shrunk. It’s really not there,” she said.

Putnam noted that if it includes marginally attached workers, unemployed folks who’ve quit looking for work, and forced part-timers, the “true” unemployment rate in Michigan is 17.2 percent.

Michigan also boasts the nation’s weakest-performing metro area, Detroit, according to the Brookings Institution.

Here’s a table from the Economic Policy Institute that compares state unemployment levels

Mass Lay-offs: The Hardest Hit States

Which States Are Facing the Worst 2010 Budget Deficits?

2009 Unemployment By State

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